Human rights activists expressed hope for change in Tanzania now that former vice president Samia Suluhu Hassan has been sworn in as the country’s first female president after the death of homophobic president Dr John Magufuli.
By Kikonyogo Kivumbi
Magufuli died March 17, 2021, leaving behind “a legacy of repression and serious human rights abuses,” in the words of the Human Rights Watch (HRW) advocacy organization.
He was 61 years old. Hassan announced his death March 17 in Dar es Salaam, saying it was due to heart complications.
Magufuli had been a firm denier of the existence of Covid-19. He disregarded safeguards against protecting his country from the pandemic. Hassan has not indicated whether she would continue that policy.
The new president will finish Magufuli’s second five-year term, set to run until 2025.
Human rights activists see her swearing in as a new hope to put Tanzania back to the path of respect for human rights and democratic values.
“Over the past six years, President Magufuli oversaw abusive laws and policies that seriously undermined human rights in Tanzania,” said Otsieno Namwaya, East Africa director at HRW. “The new government now has a chance for a fresh start by ending problematic past practices.”
Hassan made a brief speech after she took the oath of office, stating, “I can assure Tanzanians that there is nothing that will go wrong during this time. We will start where Magufuli ended.”
“Let us all be patient and unite as we move forward,” she said.
Hassan has not indicated whether she would ease the regime’s repression of political opponents, journalists and LGBT citizens. In the past, she has been restrained in her public statements, although she had not always agreed with Magufuli.
Before Mugufuli chose her as his running mate, she had supported a policy of allowing continued education for girls who became pregnant, but she did not object publicly when he declared that pregnant girls should not be allowed in school.
Magufuli was first elected president of Tanzania in 2015. In October 2020, he won a second term in presidential elections marred by serious human rights abuses, including arbitrary arrests and detention of scores of opposition party leaders and supporters.
HRW noted that, in the weeks ahead of the elections, the authorities suspended television and radio stations, censored mobile phone communication, arrested activists and journalists, and blocked social media. On the eve of elections, police fired live ammunition into crowds on the semi-autonomous island archipelago of Zanzibar, killing at least three people. The authorities continued to threaten and pursue opposition leaders and supporters even after Magufuli was declared the winner of the October vote.
Late President Magufuli’s extreme gay repression
Tanzania authorities’ repression of LGBT rights activism came in the context of government repression of opposition parties, nongovernmental organizations, and the media ahead of the country’s general elections, HRW said.
Crackdowns on LGBT Tanzanians and on advocates for their human rights and health have been ongoing since 2016. The repression gained international notoriety in 2018, when Paul Makonda, the administrative chief of Dar es Salaam, urged the public to report anyone they thought was a homosexual.
Earlier this year, the United States banned Makonda from visiting the country because of his role in a crackdown. The U.S. State Department said it was taking the action against Makonda “due to his involvement in gross violations of human rights, which include the flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of persons.”
Magufuli compared animal morality as superior to homosexuals’
President Magufuli believed that goats, sheep, pigs or cattle are more morally upright than homosexual human beings. He caused amusement at a public rally during an official speech, asking herders if any of them has ever witnessed a he-goat mounting a he-goat.
President Magufuli also claimed that cows and animals would approve of his strong anti-gay crackdown. The country’s harsh LGBT crackdown reached a peak in 2018.
The U.S. State Department sanctioned Paul Makonda, the administrative chief of the Tanzanian capital, “due to his involvement in gross violations of human rights, which include the flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of persons.”
Kikonyogo Kivumbi, the author of this article, is the executive director of the Uganda Health and Science Press Association.
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- Tanzania’s anti-LGBT crackdown: ‘If we won’t get services we will die’ (
- U.S. prohibits visits by anti-gay Tanzania official (
- Tanzania government disavows Monday’s anti-gay roundup (November 2018, 76crimes.com)
- EU says to review its relation with Tanzania over human rights, rule of law (November 2018, The Citizen)
- Tanzania governor wants to rid Dar es Salaam of every gay person (November 2018, Pink News)
- Thousands ‘living in fear’ after Tanzania calls on public to report gay people (October 2018, The Guardian)
- Protests surge as Tanzania jails anti-HIV lawyers; no charges (October 2017, 76crimes.com)
- In Tanzania, 13 people attending a meeting are arrested for allegedly promoting homosexuality; operations of a Global Fund SR are suspended (October 2017, Aidspan)
- Tanzania threatens to arrest all gay rights activists (June 2017, 76crimes.com)
- Global Fund-supported programs suspended amid Tanzanian government crackdown on LGBT community (March 2017, Aidspan)
- Tanzania ramps up anti-gay panic, risks HIV expansion (February 2017, 76crimes.com)
- Homophobia Explodes In Tanzania, Health Minister Threatens ‘Gay List’ (February 2017, The Advocate)
- Seeking to limit gay sex, Tanzania bans lubricants (July 2016, 76crimes.com)